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    A Brief History of the Ojibway Peoples of Turtle Island.

    The Ojibwe (also Ojibwa or Ojibway), Anishinaabe (also Anishinabe) or Chippewa (also Chippeway) are the largest groups of Native Americans–First Nations north of Mexico. They are divided between Canada and the United States. In Canada, they are the second-largest population among First Nations, surpassed only by Cree. In the United States, they had the fourth-largest population among Native American tribes, surpassed only by Navajo, Cherokee and the Lakota. [1]

    The fundamental essence of Anishinabe life is unity, the oneness of all things.  In our view, history is expressed in the way that life is lived each day. Key to this is the belief that harmony with all created things has been achieved. The people cannot be separated from the land with its cycle of seasons or from the other mysterious cycles of living things - of birth and growth and death and new birth. The people know where they come from. The story is deep in their hearts.  It has been told in legends and dances, in dreams and in symbols. It is in the songs a grandmother sings to the child in her arms and in the web of family names, stories, and memories that the child learns as he or she grows older. This is a story of the spirit - individual and collective. There is another story of the Ojibway people. This story tells of how European nations with overwhelming power and numbers swarmed across the land, reshaping it for themselves and destroying the natural balance within which the Anishinabe people had always lived. It tells of trade and wars and treaties, of laws and governments, and above all, of the long, stubborn struggle through which the Anishinabe tried to preserve their own ways and their own identity.

    In modern times, four main groups of Ojibway people have been distinguished by location and adaption to varying conditions. They are the plains Ojibway, the northern Ojibway, the southeastern Ojibway, and the southwestern Ojibway or Chippewa.

    The plains Ojibway live in Saskatchewan, western Manitoba, North Dakota, and Montana.

    The northern Ojibway live in the remote forest country between the Great Lakes and Hudson Bay. This area is also inhabited by the Cree people. The term "Oji-Cree" actually refers to a distinct mix of Ojibway and Cree people living in this are.

    The majority of the southeastern Ojibway are in southern Ontario, particularly around some of the shores and islands of Georgian Bay in Lake Huron.

    In Minnesota, Wisconsin and upper Michigan reside the southwestern Ojibway, where they are generally referred to as "Chippewa." [2]

    The Ojibway people were mainly hunters and gatherers and farmers, hunting and farming the vast lands they lived upon.  As Europeans arrived, they began trading furs for the goods of the white man.  Many wars broke out among different tribes throughout north America as the Ojibway were forced onto smaller parcels of land as the Europeans took control of the new world.  The wars were as a result of fewer furs being available as wild life were hunted on these smaller parcels of land and became less plentiful.  Wars among tribes were to increase the lands where furs continued to be rich and available for trade.  Many of the customs and languages were lost as a result of the Europeans.  When the Jesuits arrived, they came to bring religion to the “savages” that roamed the new world.

    Today, many Ojibway are attempting to reclaim their culture on the lands given to them through treaties with governments.  Elders continue to recount stories to the young and adults in the hope that the culture and customs will continue for generations to come. [3]

    [1] Wikipedia

    [2] William W. Warren  "History of the Ojibway People" 1885

    [3] Paul Cummings - 2013


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    Title: Ojibway History  

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    Keywords: white doves, how to start a release business, poems, readings, whitedoves 101, wedding, funeral doves, White Dove Society, International White Dove Society Ojibway History  
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